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2011年05月13日 北美托福机经 重复2009年10月24日北美

2012-03-22 19:01 作者: 来源: 本站 浏览: 1,097 views Make a Comment 字号:

摘要: 听力 1 男学生去书店找computer science的书, 女店员说叫啥名?作者是谁?男的说blablabla.. 结果没有。 女说你开学的时候不买好吗?男的说是研究生课程,我是本科生。 女的说可能卖完了,男的说还有进货么。 女的说,应该有备案,查一查,没...

听力

1 男学生去书店找computer science的书,

女店员说叫啥名?作者是谁?男的说blablabla.. 结果没有。

女说你开学的时候不买好吗?男的说是研究生课程,我是本科生。

女的说可能卖完了,男的说还有进货么。

女的说,应该有备案,查一查,没有,可能根本不进货。女的又说:你要的是computer science?对面有家computer book store啊,你去看看。如果没有,你再回来,我再帮你问问其他的书店有没有。

 

2大型动物灭绝的三个原因

一个是人类hunting。Pro说有证据在南加州发现Clovis people捕猎的痕迹。但是在其他的地方法相反的证据,pro说不太可能是hunting,可能是大型动物先死了,人类利用而已

二是气候,ice age时期,夏天非常热,冬天非常冷。温差太大。而且,气候搞的植物生长没有明显的地带变化,各种植物都长在了一起mix together,这时候的大型动物有多种多样的食物可以吃,但是后来气候变好了,植物的种类减少了,导致了动物灭绝。

三是 1 和 2 结合在一起,pro最赞成。

 

3 bio 鳄鱼发声

鳄鱼会说话呢,不过人一般听不见,因为频率很低。Male鳄鱼会大叫:go away!对predator还是对情敌,没听清。然后吸引female鳄鱼来mate。

小鳄鱼也会乱叫,表达distress。妈妈鳄鱼感觉到危险,会将鳄鱼转移,一窝鳄鱼40个,一次只能转移15只,含在口里,转移。但是留在窝里的鳄鱼就叫叫“妈,don’t forget us”妈不会很远,所以不要怕。没听清是妈妈反馈,还是兄妹反馈这个叫声

妈妈会在夜里将小鳄鱼放走,去寻找自己的生活地。

 

4 男学生去问:期末考试是考全学期的还是半个学期的啊,女老师:全部学期。

男的:哎呀,惨了,我期中考试的时候,不会水循环的题目啊。森林,海洋,降雪。。。

女:你到底是哪里不懂 男:我不懂地形对降雪的作用啊,你上课的图片我看不懂。

女:你看啊,lake有大作用啊,北极的冷空气吹过来,到了湖面被水搞热一点,再到达岸边,那热一点的空气就上升了呀,到了云层,就冷掉了啊,就下雪了。

男:原来是这样啊。我明白你的图片了。期末会不会考呀?

女:那我不知道呢,哈哈哈哈哈哈哈哈哈哈哈哈哈哈。。。

个人觉得此题很搞笑。

 

5 Isadora Ducan的芭蕾

这个听的垃圾,没怎么听懂,题目也很懵。请牛人补充,我就写个大概

Modern dance和classic dance很多不同啊,什么不同,不太确定。。。classic dance动作太多?

Isadora Ducan的芭蕾牛逼啊,姐跳的不是舞,是自然。凡是跟自然有关的,我就跳。好像不穿鞋?还是穿了什么?反正很多人就仰慕她了。

然后姐就被邀请到俄罗斯参观了,发现俄罗斯人真自虐,非要站在脚尖上跳舞几个小时,Isadora Ducan说姐不喜欢这样。俄罗斯人最批评姐了,因为俄罗斯人自认为自己的芭蕾很牛逼。

然后姐自己开了个芭蕾学校,做了啥贡献?

 

6天文学 金星的表面

金星一直受关注,比大多数planet要smooth,但是最近我们用2种方法展开了新的研究,1是satellite,2是send back image。发现啊,金星表面不平的呢,有很多火山,多为shield volcano,坡度很缓,由于lava形成,random 分布。而地球上的,shield volcano很少,主要是由于板块碰撞形成火山,集中在板块交界处。

猜测啊,金星大气里面的cloud,是火山喷发出来的gas,二氧化硫。但是没有足够的证据,要多加观察

 

经典加试

7 ID卡

8神经元

9 浪漫主义诗人

 

阅读

(不太在意,记不清了,欢迎补充)

1地球上的水,input和output是同时进行的,有的在表面上进行,有的在地下进行。

Resident time是指水分子停留的平均时间,因为水是流动的。

然后什么气候,环境,蒸发率都对水流有影响。

 

2睡觉时呼吸

睡觉的时候,呼吸有变化。

REM(rapid eye movement)时期,有blablabla..

NREM(non rapid eye movement)时期,有blablabla..,就是个对比题。可惜我做的不确定。。。

 

3一个地方的人全搬到崖边住了,生活很不方便,还要和别人共享资源,那为什么又这么多人要搬呢?有3个解释

一是人越来越多,地方越来越少,食物不多,于是有些人被迫走了。

二是原来住在高山地区,后来气候不好了,农作物难活,就下山了

三是为了合作,你做陶瓷我耕种,我们俩换东西,过生活。

 

作文

1 综合

阅读:考古大发现啊~~恐龙骨头里面发现了很多东西,证明来自于血管,血细胞,骨髓。

1 有breaking channel像血管,soft物质遗留物

2sphere with iron是红细胞的,

3collagen是骨髓里面的重要物质

 

Listening:

Lecturer认为阅读中的证据Skeptical。

(1) The material found in the breaking of the bone can not prove the existence of red blood vessel. It is more likely to be other material such as the reddish mineral.

(2) Sphere also appears in other animals that do not have bone tissues. For example, it may be the traces left by the bacteria colony that lived in the bone leg after the dinosaur died.

(3) Collagen can not remain as long as a period of 70 million years. So it is more that the collagen comes from other recent sources such as the human skin of some researcher who handled this bone leg before.

 

Reading

1.文章主要讲Water cycle. surface water & undergroudwater

刚开始做题没状态,具体也不记得了。。。

有一题是问:作者写Note the word “net”:…(后面是具体解释了net,说更重要的是calculate,而不是仅仅关注difference。。。) 是为了什么目的?我想了好半天,还是觉得第一感觉靠谱:to point out the difficulty in calculating the。。。

句子插入题:However, sometimes you can identify whether the lake is a surface-dominated or seepage-dominated by common knowledge.

最后summary题。

 

 

2.文章是关于 wakefulness and sleep. (有题:本文主要内容是什么?我选的是:介绍了the differences between the wakefulness and the sleep.)

先讲述了Wakefulness与sleep时,人类breath的变化。

接着具体讲了两种sleep phases时breath有什么特征。一个是NEOM

词汇题简单。

最后是比较归类题:分别选择Wakefulness和sleep的特征。

 

3.文章主要讲了13世纪Population density increase,于是出现了Peublo communal.(有题问第一段的结构是怎样的?我选的是:指出了一种变化现象,然后阐述了这种变化带来的种种problems.)第一段:13世纪以前人们是以household为单位的,在13世纪出现了Peublo communal. 这种方式其实对于人们非常stressful。(这里有个插入句子题。)人们除了要和邻居share walls等,还要顾虑例如水,。。。等等杂事(Chores.)而且还not hygienic。

第二段开始就介绍了一些对于出现这种Peublo communal原因的解释,就是一些人做出的猜想和理论。一个理论是由于人口急速增长,导致population density increased, 不可避免的出现了 aggregated crowd of people.还有理论是是因为Climate change, Ice Age到来导致high elecation 地区 food不够吃,而这个地区本来crops grow poor because of the short growing season(有题目问:这里提到这句话是为了?我选的是:表明这个Food shortage问题对于这个地区的人更为严重,更加urgent。)词汇题都很简单。。。有个是Traumatic、还有transition(也不知道记没记窜。。。)最后有个Summary,就是5选3.

 

ListeningConversation1:

一个学生到书店买书,一个书店里的人帮他在电脑里查找。(第一题:这学生来书店的目的是?find the book he needs for class.)可是没有显示相关记录。这女人说可能是由于这本书的名字等相关信息输错了之类的原因。(有题目问: What possible reasons did the speaker mention for the difficulty in finding this book? 选择两个正确答案。我选了relevant information is misspelled in the record 和 the title of the book is wrong…)

接着,这女人就问学生:你没有为明年的课程提前买这本书么?(这里有题:这女人为什么这么问?我选的是in order to decide the urgent extent of this student’s condition.)学生回答这门课实际上是这学期的graduate course。他是undergraduate.所以他就问是不是这个原因导致找不到这本书的record。这女人说不太可能是这个原因。他们书店有时会carry more than one book.可是查找之后仍未发现有这本书。。。(真折腾- -)

这时候,这女人建议学生去the science book store across the street to find the book,因为那个书店是专门卖science books的。这男生说:那那个书店应该贴出相关信息。。。(此处有题问:这个男生说这话时想表达的意思是什么?我选的he suggests that the science book store should list the book information…)

最后,这个女人说如果学生还找不到这本书,他可以再来书店,她会帮助这个学生想别的店询问。(真是热心的女人~)

 

Conversation2:

一个学生到地理课教授的办公室,询问有关期末考试范围的情况,他问范围是这学期学的所有内容还是从期中考试开始的内容。(第一题就问这个学生找老师的目的是什么?)这个老师很耐心回答,是这学期学习的所有内容。学生就急了,说自己还有些内容没弄懂。老师建议他可以到Tutoring Centre。他说那个方不是专门提高Writing skill的么?老师回答:那个Centre还帮助学生解决地理方面的问题,有一些Graduate Students在那里当Tutors. 后来老师又说:既然你都来了,有什么问题就问吧,她可以帮忙。学生主要问了the water cycle的问题,就是水怎么从海洋到陆地,再到大气,最后回归海洋的过程;学生不能理解the evaporation and condensation of water。之后,老师就用一个例子说明这个问题,北半球的Great lake就是一个典型。接着就详细讲了Cycle。。。(其中,有题要选择两个属于这个process的steps。)最后,学生问这个会不会是考试内容。老师笑笑说:这她可不清楚,但至少你已经弄明白这个问题了。

 

第三部分听力都是經典加試。。。

conversation-黑人管理員大叔和丟了錢包需要辦ID的女生之間的對話。

Lecture1-神经元和神经胶质细胞。。。(Neuron & glial cells)

Lecture2-Romanticism, the poet: Wordsworth.

 

口语

 

Task 1

Describe a popular gathering place where people in your town usually go for relaxation. Explain why people in your town like to go there. Include reasons and examples to support your response. [2009.10.24/北美2009.10.24]

 

Task 2

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more beneficial for students to study in larger classes than study in smaller classes. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. [2009.10.24/北美2009.10.24]

 

Task 3

【个人倡议】:一学生在写倡议书给校报说学校应close the campus coffeehouse。理由1、Few students use this coffeehouse and every time he passes by it, there are few people in it. It is a waste of space。理由2、The food in the coffeehouse is not tasty. Once he and his friends bought some food there but the cakes and muffins were very dry。

【学生态度】:女生反对。理由1、She likes the coffeehouse because it is never too crowded and noisy。She can read some books, bring her laptop there and do some work on her papers there. Also many students like studying there even for the final exam. She prefers this coffeehouse to the library because students can work while eat, which is not allowed in the library。理由2、She thinks that the student who wrote the proposal has not been to the coffeehouse for a while. She found the food delicious when she went there last time. The food quality there has been improved a lot. The new manager of the coffeehouse often adds some new healthy food that is both delicious and good for students’ health。[2009.10.24/北美2009.10.24]

 

Task 4

【名词解释】:flag species(旗舰物种):Environment organizations always choose a particular attractive species as a flag specie to arouse people’s attention to protect a threatened area and all the endangered species in it。

【教授举例】:教授gives us an example of macaw(金刚鹦鹉)in South America。Macaw is a great green bird in rain forest。It is very beautiful and has amazingly colorful feathers。This species was threatened because in the forest they lived in, people cut down too many trees, which was necessary for their food and nesting。环保人士made small books with macaw’s beautiful pictures and spread them to community centers and schools。环保人士 asked people to contribute money and help to establish protective lands for macaws。Finally,the population of macaw increased。Many other species that faced the same danger, like bats and frogs, where also protected。 [2009.10.24/北美2009.10.24]

 

Task 5

【学生困难】:The woman has just moved into a new apartment off campus,but there is no Internet access there。Everyday, she needs to use Internet to do some research, send e-mails or accomplish assignments。

【解决方案】:男生建议:1、to call an Internet service company to set up the Internet connection for her,但女生说she has to pay for it every month,而且还cost a lot。2、to go to the computer center on campus,where there is a free access to the Internet。但女生说she doesn’t have classes every day and she doesn’t want to go there only for Intenet。而且the computer center is usually too crowded。[2009.10.24/北美2009.10.24]

 

Task 6

【讲课要点】:Before writing a fiction story, authors need to decide how to narrate a story。There are two types of narrators:第1种、objective narrator(客观叙述),meaning that an author just tell readers what the characters do and say,without telling what they think。Readers have to guess the meaning of their conversation. For example, if an author wants to write a story about a couple’s trip,he just tells that the couple get into a train,sit together, look out of the window。Readers need to interpret what the characters are thinking about by themselves. 第2种、Omniscient narrator(全知叙述)。Meaning that authors provide readers everything about the characters, including the characters’ feelings and mood。In the same story, the author may tell readers the man’s feelings and mood. He feels nervous because he hasn’t seen his friend for a long time and he is not sure whether his wife would like his friend。[2009.10.24/北美2009.10.24]

 

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