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电子书推荐 万物简史 A short history of nearly everything 英文版(PDF+mp3)

2020-06-27 05:34 作者: 来源: 本站 浏览: 180 views 我要评论电子书推荐 万物简史 A short history of nearly everything 英文版(PDF+mp3)已关闭评论 字号:

摘要: 这是一本科普入门书籍,也是备考各类标化作文(托福/GRE)不可多得的素材,同时还有mp3,可以练听力:以下为音频试听,需要完整版,请移步文末网盘链接 以下选自本书简介 ….This is a book about ho...

这是一本科普入门书籍,也是备考各类标化作文(托福/GRE)不可多得的素材,同时还有mp3,可以练听力:以下为音频试听,需要完整版,请移步文末网盘链接

以下选自本书简介

….This is a book about how it happened-in particular how we went from there being nothing at all to there being something, and then how a little of that something turned into us, and also some of what happened in between and since. That’s a great deal to cover, of course, which is why the book is called A Short History of Nearly Everything, even though it isn’t really. It couldn’t be. But with luck by the time we finish it will feel as if it is.
My own starting point, for what it’s worth, was an illustrated science book that I had as a classroom text when I was in fourth or fifth grade. The book was a standard-issue 1950s schoolbookbattered, unloved, grimly hefty-but near the front it had an illustration that just captivated me: a cutaway diagram showing the Earth’s interior as it would look if you cut into the planet with a large knife and carefully withdrew a wedge representing about a quarter of its bulk.
It’s hard to believe that there was ever a time when I had not seen such an illustration before, but evidently I had not for I clearly remember being transfixed. I suspect, in honesty, my initial interest was based on a private image of streams of unsuspecting eastbound motorists in the American plains states plunging over the edge of a sudden 4,000-mile-high cliff running between Central America and the North Pole, but gradually my attention did turn in a more scholarly manner to the scientific import of the drawing and the realization that the Earth consisted of discrete layers, ending in the center with a glowing sphere of iron and nickel, which was as hot as the surface of the Sun, according to the caption, and I remember thinking with real wonder: “How do they know that?”…..

….这是一本关于如何发生的书–特别是我们如何从什么都没有到有什么东西,然后这个东西的一点又如何变成了我们,还包括中间和之后发生的一些事情。当然,这是一个很大的覆盖面,这也是为什么这本书叫《万物简史》的原因,尽管它不是真的。它不可能是。但如果运气好的话,等我们完成的时候,会觉得好像是这样的。
我自己的出发点,是在我四五年级的时候,有一本作为课本的科学绘本。这本书是一本20世纪50年代的标准版教科书,已经破烂不堪,无人问津,厚重得吓人,但在书的前面,有一幅插图深深地吸引了我:一幅剖面图,显示了地球内部的样子,如果你用一把大刀切开地球,小心翼翼地抽出一个楔子,代表着地球体积的四分之一。
很难相信我以前没有见过这样的插图,但显然我没有见过,因为我清楚地记得我被迷住了。老实说,我怀疑,我最初的兴趣是基于一种私人形象,即美国平原各州毫无戒备的东行驾车者,从中美洲和北极之间突然出现的4000英里高的悬崖边缘坠落。但渐渐地,我的注意力确实以一种更学术的方式转移到了这幅画的科学意义上,并意识到地球是由不连续的几层组成的,根据标题,它的中心是一个发光的铁和镍球,它和太阳表面一样热,我记得我真的很奇怪地想:”他们怎么知道的?”他们是怎么知道的?”…

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