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2011年03月13日 大陆托福机经 重复2009年09月12日大陆

2012-03-22 19:02 作者: 来源: 本站 浏览: 726 views 我要评论 字号:

摘要: 听力1 对话一:一个guy想宣传他们新成立的club,找管事的女的要表格,在校园里set up a booth.。有考那个guy来的目的,对话有点绕,那个男的先说要开一个dinner party,但先要让更多人知道他们这个club的存在,所以要印一些flyer...

听力1

对话一:一个guy想宣传他们新成立的club,找管事的女的要表格,在校园里set up a booth.。有考那个guy来的目的,对话有点绕,那个男的先说要开一个dinner party,但先要让更多人知道他们这个club的存在,所以要印一些flyers,不过要先设个摊位宣传。他们的club符合print service的优惠是因为他们刚成立不久。”

那个目的题挺纠结的 我也搞不清楚他到底为了啥 感觉说话人本身就搞不清楚自己要干神马

还有一个重听题 我选的是管事女想知道能为这个学生做什么

听力2

关于牛仔裤生产过程中的enzyme。先用人体中的酶打比方,然后引入。刚开始使用一种stone来洗牛仔裤,结果有两个不好,一是牛仔裤会洗烂,而是环境污染;说会有人管 然后cost就增加了,后来用acid,不过对工人不好,也污染环境。再后来用了一个什么酶,就解决问题了,说它能破坏纤维结构然后还没污染

 

听力3

关于kelp,一种海藻,先和陆地上的热带雨林做对比,说其对海洋的生态系统很重要

。近来受到E什么的影响(屏幕有显示),因为是暖流,水下翻上来的nutrients减少,Kelp就没营养,而且在加州沿岸,过渡捕捞一种叫shiphead的鱼,这种鱼吃另一种小鱼,这个小鱼吃这个kelp海藻。过渡捕捞shiphead导致那小鱼大量繁殖,吃了很多海藻。海藻受到破坏。

 

听力4

对话二:一个guy本来学politics,上了一节history课,此课关注历史问题的原因(how)而不仅是内容(what),并且关注bottom people,(有题)所以这个guy对历史突然产生了兴趣。教授建议他修双学位,guy说担心毕业论文要写两篇以及时间,但最担心的还是时间(有题)。教授说上学期guy修他的课时,做得很好,应该时间不成问题。而且到时候可以为两个专业写一份毕业论文,只要申请做得够好

听力5

关于动物的行为。讲的是关于ant的teach。先定义了一下teaching:一是要教的动物要在被教的动物面前改变自己的行为;二是被教的动物要学会新的技能。蚂蚁在觅食的时候,一只蚂蚁在前面带路,一只蚂蚁在后面跟着,前面的蚂蚁会根据后面蚂蚁的速度调整自己的速度(符合teaching的第一点)。在觅食的过程中,蚂蚁还会尝试其他路,可能还会找到更近的路(符合第二点)。不过教授说蚂蚁这样到底算不算是teaching还有争议。还说了动物界遇到危险有动物Alarm call(有题 我选的是蚂蚁学步的另一种解释)

听力6

关于marketing。以前用zip code,举了个例子。后来用非常详细地database,来确定potential customers 的范围。还跟政府选举时候选人的策略作对比

 

阅读:

第一篇

第一段:Jupiter的一个moon,叫lo,它和jupiter的其他moon不一样,上面有很多火山,所以比较没有坑坑洼洼(因为岩浆填平了,这个有考到)。

第二段:然后Jupiter的gravity使它产生很多iron的什么东西,形成一个环,干扰Jupiter。

第三四段:Jupiter的gravity和它自转,以及一个叫Europa的卫星的影响(使它的轨道变成轻微的椭圆——这个有题),就使lo扭曲,产生能量,所以很多火山。

第二篇

是动物调节体温。第一段说动物能调节体温。第二段介绍cold blood 和warm blood的动物分别如何调节的。第三段说动物如何应对低于它们temperature range下限的气温,例子举了几个北极的动物。(有几种方法保持体温 有hair 还有bu什么的 还有一个忘记了 有题考到)第四段写动物如何应对高于他们体温上限的气温的,说可以靠蒸发,但是因为会脱水,所以干旱地区的动物有别的法子,例子举得是Arizona desert中的一些动物,有rodent,(有题问大型小型动物区别)。

最后一段说不同生物或者同种生物生活在不同地方的群落极限温度不同,有一个wood rat什么的

第三篇

关与visual art的定义的发展。

(1)古希腊罗马时期,manual art是在workshop中,和liberal art分的很开,不受尊敬;

(2)Renaissance的时候,manual art加入了一些geometry和arithmetic的东西,所以和liberal art靠近了。

(3)18世纪时,搞艺术的既要学practical的东西,也要学theoretic的东西,所以地位一下提升了不少。在十八世纪末时候,形成了三种分类,fine art(包括文学、舞蹈之类),utilitarian art,和一个什么类型(忘记了,有题)。

(4)十九世纪时候先锋艺术出现了。

 

写作:

综合:巴比伦空中花园是否存在过

阅读:1古希腊史学家有对空中花园的详细记录,包括大小什么的。

2巴比伦人还建造了很多其他很复杂的建筑

3发现的遗迹和史学家对花园的描述正好match

听力 1空中花园是巴比伦人建造的,但是在巴比伦的史书中从未提及过空中花园。那些史学家 从没去过巴比伦,而且他们生活在空中花园建造的很多很多年以后

2当时只有clay是available的材料,但是建造空中花园需要的材料必须能让水通过(养花),而且必须耐腐蚀。所以没有适合的材料存在

3遗址所在的地方离水很远。把花园建在离水很远的地方然后花大量时间精力跑很远去打水,不合理

 

独立:是否同意以下观点?孩子们应该花大部分时间玩和学习,不应该被要求帮助家人做家务,比如打扫,做饭。Children should spend most of their time studying or playing; they shouldn’t be required to help the family with household chores, such as cleaning and washing.

 

 

Speaking

Task 1 Task 1

Which technology has made the greatest impact on people’s life in your country? Airplane,computer or television. Use specific reasons and examples to support your response.

computer、airplane、TV(谢谢补充)选择一个在你国家最有用的。

Task 2 Some people believe that it is better for children to grow up in big cities. Others believe that it is better for children to grow up in small towns or rural areas. What is your opinion and why? Use specific reasons and examples to support your response.

children 在 rural area长大好还是city长大好,

Task 3 Task 3

【学校通知】:the university is considering moving the student theater center from campus to the nearby downtown。好处1、downtown theater has a larger space,and it can contain more audiences。好处2、the new theater will have better technical facilities,so that students can get better light and sound while they are appreciating performances。

【学生态度】:男生反对此计划。理由1. audiences in the downtown theater are mainly students。It is quite inconvenient for them to drive for 20 min to get there to see performances,so few of them would like to go to the new therter。理由2、the facilities in school theater are quite basic and easy to operate。However, students are not professional and well-trained, and the facilities in downtown theater will be too complex for studnets to operate。So, students might end up with worse lights and sounds than what they have now。So, better facilities are not necessary。

现象是:the university is considering about moving the students performance theater off the campus to downtown area for more audiences and better facilities.

态度:The man does not support the idea. 原因是:He gives tow reasons. The first reason is that their audiences are mainly students. It is quite inconvenient for students to go to downtown to see the performance. Secondly, the students in the man’s department are not professionals and well-trained. The facilities in downtown theatre are too complex for them to operate. And the facilities in school theatre are quite basic and easy. So he worries that the performance might not even be as good as in the school theatre.

Task 4 【名词解释】:Adaptive reuse:archtects can reconstruct abandoned yet historical buildings and make them adjust to some new purposes。

【教授举例】:The professor once worked in an artitecture company. He and his coleag once changed an abandoned chocolate factory into a concert hall。The chocolate factory had several features:1st, its beautiful appearance can attract audiences。2nd, it had a super high ceiling,which can hence the sound of music。3rd, it was spacious, so it can hold a great stage and a large number of seats and audiences。4th, audiences can joy beautiful view of the whole city through its big windows while they are listening to music。[北美2008.8.2/2009.9.12]

阅读是关于adaptive reuse,就是old building new use propose. 听力举了个例子,把一个chocolate factory成功改造为concert hall。外表上,原来的巧克力工厂很华丽,很有historical value。内部,有super high ceiling,spacious floor,big windows。很适合做concert hall。

Task 5 【学生困难】:女生took 6 classes this semester and she was selected to the women’s basketball team。平时篮球训练占用了她太多的学习时间。

【解决方案】:女生自己说出方案1:to quit the basketball team, since it takes too much time。男生说她got in the team after several times of application,放弃了很shameful。男生说出方案2:to drop some classes which are not so important。反正也不是required classes。但女生说good scores in extra classes may make her competitive to attend a graduate school。

女的这学期既入选了women basketball team,又选了6门课,所以很累。她想退了球队,但男的说,你努力了三年才进去,这样退了岂不是不好。男的建议他退一门课,反正也不是毕业学分的要求。女的说她想读研究生,多修点课程有好处。注意:问的是describe the problem they are discussing, and give your opinion. 不想往常一样问“女的问题是什么,男的给了哪些建议”。

Task 6 【讲课要点】: 2 stages of children’s social development in playing:Stage 1:associative play:if some three to four years old children play together wth same material,they think and behavior in different ways。For example , while some 3-4 years children are playing blocks together,little Johnny may use blocks to build a car and little Mary may use blocks to build an airplane。Stage 2:cooporative play:if some four to six years old children play together wth the same material,they start to cooperate。For example , while some 4-6 years children are playing blocks together,they may create a house together。They may discuss about how it should look like, how many rooms it should have and how the roof should look like。

关于children play和social development的关系。(1)1ststage:3-4岁,表面上一起玩,但实际上各干各的。比如都在玩blocks,但修建的是不同的东西。(2)2nd stage:5-6岁,在一起玩,又相互交流。比如在一起用blocks修房子。这个阶段学会teamwork和cooperation。

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